The quote-based story “Almost Too Late Is Better Than Too Early” can be used in the same context as the previous story.
A lifeguard once told me, “If someone who is drowning is still panicking and flailing around, it’s impossible to get them to dry land. You have to wait until they’ve calmed down, and then you can rescue them
The metaphorically framed rhetorical question in the story “Stand Up” suggests that the only way forward for someone who has been shipwrecked is into the future and a new life. The rest of the story plays out in the listener’s head as he or she thinks about what must have happened beforehand and what will happen afterwards. It can also be used with patients who have undergone a serious illness or an operation in order to motivate them to go on living (or to engage with physiotherapy).
What does the victim of a shipwreck do when he reaches
thought experiment “When You Meet Your Brother” is an intervention which can be
used for patients with suicidal tendencies. The patient’s family structures and
the values of both the patient and any predeceased family members are used as a
basis for demonstrating that life is worth living. This prevents “copycat
deaths” and utilises the patient’s bond with these individuals by hypothesising
what they would think about the planned suicide.
dialogue can alternatively be used with individuals who are (or feel)
responsible for the death of another person.
The living person can ask questions or offer apologies, while the deceased person provides a fictitious (but often realistic) opinion on what is said. In my experience the deceased are kind-hearted, and the outcome of such a dialogue is almost always (with the possible exception of murders) that the deceased denies any guilt on the part of the individual who is still living, or forgives him or her. If an outcome of this kind cannot be achieved, the therapist should mediate between the two sides – one fictitious and one real – in order to ensure that each side has the best possible opinion of the other, for example using methods from systemic counselling, family constellation therapy, Gestalt therapy or ego state therapy. Interventions of this kind can also be used to travel to heaven or another meeting point to say farewell to an individual – or a pet – in cases where a final farewell was impossible before their death.
When you’re on the other side, and have escaped this
world – a world I can see you’re eager to leave – and when, after arriving, you
meet your mother and say, “Hello Mum, I’m here already! I decided to catch an
earlier train, as you might say,” what will she reply? What questions will she
ask? And when you meet your brother, who died before you, how will he greet
you? What will you tell him, and how will you answer him?
The case study “Anna’s Submarine” makes it clear that a therapist can only lead someone out of a dream world if he or she also enters the dream world first. The path out of the dream world must also be attractive, and it must still be possible to return to the old patterns if necessary. The submarine intervention also involves the paradox that Anna is invited to leave her dream world while she is in her dream world, meaning that she can pursue both sides of the ambivalence with different parts of her personality; she can act in accordance with her previous pattern while at the same time trying a new pattern, although the old pattern will then not be quite the same as it was…
Anna dreams. She dreams while she’s at school with the
other Year Four pupils, and she continues dreaming when she comes home after
school. She lives in her dreams to the extent that no one really knows whether
she is talented or stupid, simple-minded or subtle, shy or inhibited,
introverted or mentally disturbed. Anna has no friends, and seems content with
her own company. Anna appears to be happy when she is dreaming, or perhaps she
only dreams because of how unhappy she would be if she were not dreaming? Anna
twists and tugs on her hair until it falls out. She chews her fingernails until
they bleed. Is Anna ill, or just quirky? Which school should she attend, and
what is the best way to help her? Her parents want answers to these questions,
and so they bring her to therapy.
“I believe you live in a submarine,” I say to Anna.
She looks at me inquiringly.
“You dive down below the waves to a rainbow-like world
of fish and coral and many other brightly coloured things which are unknown to
the people living on the surface. Do you agree?” “Yes,” says Anna.
“It must be lovely down there. You can investigate the
sea floor in peace, and no one can disturb you.” “That’s right,” says Anna.
“You can be a deep-sea researcher – someone who
investigates the world of the deep on behalf of the people up on the surface.
They find out everything there is to know about the animals and plants which
live in the sea.” “That would be fun,” says Anna.
“All submarines need a periscope, of course. That’s a
long tube with mirrors so that you can always see what’s happening up top even
when you’re down below.” “And so I can watch the other people,” says Anna.
“Exactly. And you’ll also need a sonar system so that
you don’t crash into other submarines or ships while you’re under water. The
sonar system emits sound waves so that you know when others are coming too
close, and when you should dive down deeper into the sea in order to avoid
other submarines and ships.” “Do I have to go deeper?” asks Anna.
“Well, I’m sure you know that it’s not a good idea for
two submarines or a submarine and a ship to crash into each other. Both vessels
can be damaged, even if the collision was a mistake. It’s better to anticipate
the accident and change course or dive down into the water in good time. In
order to respond promptly, you need a microphone which picks up the signals of
the other submarines and ships and a radio system so that you can talk to their
crew even when you’re under the water.” “Yes, that’s a good idea. Then I won’t
collide with them again.”
“Exactly. And of course every submarine has to come to
the surface from time to time.” “Why?” “For oxygen, and for food and drink. You
need to come to the surface every now and again to take them on board.” “Yes,
“Research submarines also have to come to the surface
regularly so that the researchers can talk to the people up top about what they
should be investigating down below.” “Really?”
“Of course. The submarine’s job is to find out what
happens under the sea and to tell the people on land about it.” “Can submarines
shoot at other people?”
“Yes, submarines have torpedoes, but they must only be
used against enemy ships in an emergency. It’s better to talk using the radio,
or to come to the surface and use the megaphone; ‘Hello, I heard your signals
and came to the surface. What’s up?’ Submarine captains who are really good at
their job spend a lot of time below the water and a lot of time above the
water. They know the signals of the other ships so well that they always know
when it’s better to come to the surface and when it’s better to dive down into
the water. They also know when it’s a good idea to be half up and half down,
like a crocodile which keeps only its eyes, ears and nostrils above the water
so that it can see everything happening above the water, but is still well
camouflaged and can dive down quickly if necessary. Sometimes submarines also
travel along just below the surface of the sea so that only their conning tower
is poking out. This allows them to find out everything which is happening above
the water, and to hear all the signals they need to hear and see everything
they need to see, but to reach the bottom of the sea quickly if they ever need
to dive down.” “Cool,” says Anna. “I like that idea.”
Like everyone else,
submarine captains sometimes take a holiday and come on shore. They meet their
friends, tell them about their voyages and hear about their friends’
experiences. I once knew a submarine captain who liked to fly a hydroplane in
his spare time, looking from above at what he normally saw from below – the
land and the water, the ships, the submarines and everything else. And when he
had seen everything, he landed again, or splashed down as hydroplane pilots
say. He knew the world from every perspective, and he was very happy.” “Cool,”
said Anna. “I’d like to do that
The short story entitled “The Desert” highlights the risk of extreme mood fluctuations and sudden changes of life plans, and of exhausting oneself or overstretching oneself by attempting to handle projects alone (at work or otherwise). The story can also be used to make it clear that the opposite of right is a different right, whereas the opposite of wrong is a different wrong, and that the opposite of a risk can be more hazardous than the risk itself. The story can be modified to describe someone who gets into difficulties in the mountains if the listener prefers Alpine landscapes.
Top of his bucket list of dreams had been to
experience the desert – the vast expanse of the Sahara. Now his dream had come
true. He had travelled there by plane, coach and jeep, all the way to some tiny
speck of a village somewhere on the edge of the Sahara which he had found on
the map. And he knew that beyond this village was nothing – no roads, no
settlements, no water, only sand, stones and rocks. He did not really know what
had prompted him to travel there. Was it simply a longing from the depths of
his soul? Or perhaps he had simply been surrounded for too long by too many
people, too much commotion, too many voices who all wanted something from him –
his colleagues at work, his neighbours, his family at home, all pulling him
this way and that; can’t you please… would you please… And now silence,
nothing and no one around him.
He had longed for this for so many years, perhaps his
whole life long. It is so quiet here than he can hear the sand and stones
crunching under his feet with every step. He wants to drink in more of this
vast expanse of solitude before night falls. The next rocky hill is not too far
away in the distance, but the ascent is tiring – not because of the
temperature, since the sun is already low in the sky and it has become
remarkably cold, but because the sand slips out from under his feet whenever he
takes a step forward, pulling him backwards. He finally reaches the summit of
the hill, and looks forward into the desert and back at the village. The sun is
starting to set in a red haze behind the village, and through the small windows
of the huts he can clearly see the flickering of the fires which are already
burning. Now he wants to leave this last piece of civilisation behind him. His
heart longs for quiet, preferably away from everybody else. He makes his way
down the valley towards the next hill. He wants to watch the red sunset once
again from the top of this hill and see nothing but desert around him. The
route there is not long, but it is exhausting because of the sand slipping out
from under his feet and the boulders which he must climb around. Quickly it
gets dark. When he reaches the top of the hill, the sun has disappeared. He
stands there for a few minutes until his dream fades and he returns to reality.
He is surrounded by pitch blackness – not the darkness he knows from home, to
which one’s eyes can get accustomed, but a darkness which makes it impossible
to see his hand in front of his face. Returning to the village is now out of the
question. His concern now is that it has become bitterly cold, and seems to be
getting colder and colder. He would never have believed that it could be so
cold in the desert. Standing there in the dark in his summer shirt, shorts, and
sandals, he feels completely helpless and is overcome by fear. He is afraid
that he will not survive the night, that he will freeze to death, die alone and
never be found. He thinks about his family, and his thoughts begin to go around
in circles. What will they do when he doesn’t come home? Will they search for
him, and will they ever find out where he is? He wants to see them again so
much. He sees three lights on the horizon, like stars rising in more or less
the same place where the sun set before. He thinks to himself, “Stars don’t
rise in the west. Am I seeing things already? And these stars are moving
sideways, almost as if they were electric torches…” A few hours later, he is
sitting around the fire in a hut with the three African men who were carrying
the torches and a number of other villagers. A woman wearing a veil hands him a
plate of roasted lamb and a cup of goat’s milk. They communicate using their
hands and feet, and he expresses his thanks to the villagers with signs and
gestures. “Inshallah,” smiles a man, “…if Allah wills.”
The story “The Blade of Grass in the Crack” can be told in many situations described by patients as hopeless. It illustrates a fundamental principle of systemic therapy, namely that it is important to identify anything which may be useful, no matter how innocuous, and multiply it until it becomes a force which can hold its own against the stresses which at first appeared unassailable. The story can help clients who have resigned themselves to a situation – and their therapists – to adopt a searching attitude and identify solutions which previously appeared impossible.
The prisoner said, “Last night I dreamt that a blade
of grass grew in a crack in our dungeon, just where the shaft of light which
comes through the spy hole in the door hits our wall. It was watered by the
moisture which drips from the dungeon roof and the walls. The roots grew
stronger and forced the crack open a tiny amount, and a second blade of grass
grew from these roots, right next to the first. Then we hung a belt on the door
so that its silver buckle reflected a little light onto the second blade. This
grew as well, and its powerful roots widened the crack a little more. We
repeated this process again and again until the stone was surrounded by grass
on all sides. When a year had passed, we pulled out the weeds, and the light
shone through the cracks. We braced ourselves against the stone and pushed it
outwards with all of our strength, inch by inch over the course of a day. Then
we climbed out through the hole and were free.” “It’s a shame there’s no blades
of grass growing in our dungeon,” sighed his fellow prisoner. The prisoner who
had just related his dream stared at the wall for a long time. Then he asked, “And
what do you think that is?”
Therapeutic modeling is a form of awake hypnotherapy based on constellation work, systemic therapy and Ericksonian hypnotherapy. It is my favourite way of dealing with trauma, depression, suicidal tendencies, addiction, couple conflicts, physical pain and other sources of suffering. This technique is useful for solid anamnesis as well as safe and durable therapeutic change. Be curious and get surprised!
Streaming offer: After receipt of payment, you will receive the link and the access code for your video. The video is available to you for 10 days after entering the access code.
The story “Three Boxes” embodies a basic therapeutic principle, namely that problems must be separated and solutions must be linked. Whenever a client presents problems which appear to be linked, for example in the case of depression or psychosomatic involvement, it is recommended that the problems should be examined independently and separately as though they had nothing to do with each other in reality. In many cases the link (or interdependency) will vanish when it is challenged, even if it was plausible. Yet as soon as a solution is found for one or more of the problems, it is worth turning the question around and asking whether the solution could also be beneficial in another area and be transferred to another problem.
“You must be mistaken,” the man said to the other man. “You must keep your illness absolutely separate from your family problems and your family problems absolutely separate from your problems at work. These are two or rather three entirely different kettles of fish. Imagine putting these three things in three different boxes… Now close each of the three boxes and push them into three different corners of the room. Have you pushed them a long way apart? Good. Now we’ll look at each box individually…” And they discussed each problem separately. Whenever they found a solution, however, the first man said, “Might that also work for the other problem…?”
Here’s a live 2 day online Seminar on Therapeutic Modeling with individuals and couples.
Therapeutic Modeling is a method of awake hypnotherapy developed by Stefan Hammel. It contains elements of the work of Milton Erickson (a master of hypnotherapy), of Systemic Therapy, the communicational insights of Paul Watzlawick and constellation work
In the seminar the method of Therapeutic Modeling will be demonstrated and practised in a way so you can use it in a simple but already very, very effective form right afterwards.
how to dissociate (“subtract”) the troubling aspects of experience from a client, let him experience live without his symptoms and stabilize whatever is helpful
how to associate and identify a desired new way of feeling, behaving and living and, again, stabilize what is helpful in this experience
how to transform troubling experiences into helpful experiences and stabilize this
how to apply these methods to couples and families
Time: Sat, Feb 28th, 10 am GMT (11 am CET) till Sun Feb 28th, 2 pm GMT (3 pm CET)
My colleague Allison Quaid designed a beautiful website which can show you how to develop your own fairy tale as a story that can help you or others with traumatic experiences. On this site you will also find examples of such tales which you may find useful to read or tell to yourself and others. Curious?
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